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Full text of "Khmer representation at the United Nations, 1974"

DOCUMENT 



UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY 
ITEM 25! 
KHMER REPRESENTATION 
AT THE UNITED NATIONS 

- 1974 - 



by 



A. Gaffar Peang-Meth 

Press & Information Attache 

Embassy of the Khmer Republic 

Washington , D . C . 



JX 

1977 
. .48 
K52 
1974 



Delegate of the Khmer Republic 
29th Session of the United Nations 
General Assembly 



FEBRUARY 1975 



TO THE KHMER PEOPLE, 



WHO HAVE SUFFERED ENOUGH. . . 



i. background: 1973 



On October 3, 1973, thirty- three countries sub- 
mitted a draft resolution to the United Nations General 
Assembly calling for the "Restoration of the lawful rights 
of the Royal Government of National Union of Cambodia in 
the United Nations" and to "expel the representatives of 
the Lon Nol group from the seat they illegally occupy in 
the United Nations and in all its related bodies." With 
a vote of 69 for, 24 against and 29 abstentions, the 
General Assembly inscribed the item on its agenda for de- 
bate. 

Acting in unity, a group of Southeast Asian and 
Pacific neighbors of the Khmer Republic asked United Na- 
tions Secretary-General ? Mr. Kurt Waldheim, to allow the 
Khmer s themselves the right to decide who should govern 
their country, without foreign interference (document A/ 
9254). Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, 
New Zealand and Japan told Mr. Waldheim that the Khmer 
problem is of "vital importance to the countries in the 
region" and asked that 1) the Khmers be permitted to set- 
tle their own political problems peacefully without out- 
side interference, stating that 2) such a political 
settlement must be realized by all local parties concer- 
ned and that 3) the United Nations must not take any 
initiative which could prejudice the decision of the 
Khme r s t hems e 1 ve s . 

On December 4, 1973 , agenda item 106 of the draft 
resolution (document A/L.714) was brought to the General 
Assembly floor for debate. 

The debate was heated. Liberia made a move to 
defer the matter for another year. 

On December 5, 1973 , a roll-call vote on the ad- 
journment of the debate took place: 53 countries voted 
for adjournment, 50 voted against and 21 abstained. The 
draft resolution of the 33 was turned back. 

Not satisfied with the decision of the General 
Assembly, the 33 attempted to deny the representation of 
the Khmer Republic by contesting the Report of the Creden- 
tials Committee in sofaras it concerned the authority of 
the Representative of the Khmer Republic. On December 17, 
1973, amendment A/L.719 to withdraw credentials from the 
Representative of the Khmer Republic was put to a recorded 
vote: 50 countries voted to accept the amendment, 55 voted 
to reject and 17 abstained. 



- 2 - 

II. 1974: TWO DRAFT RESOLUTIONS 
AND A REQUEST FOR PRIORITY 



When the twenty-ninth session of the United Na- 
tions General Assembly was convened in September 1974, it 
had on its agenda item 25, entitled "Restoration of the 
lawful rights of the Royal Government of National Union 
of Cambodia in the United Nations * " 



DRAFT RESOLUTION A/l.733! 37 SPONSORS 



On October 1, 1974, a group of 33 countries* 
led by Algeria submitted draft resolution A/L/733, asking 
the General Assembly to expel the Khmer Republic from the 
United Nations and its related agencies in favor of the 
Royal Government of National Union of Cambodia, RGNUC. 

The following is the draft resolution A/L.733: 

RESTORATION OF THE LAWFUL RIGHTS OF THE 
ROYAL GOVERNMENT OF NATIONAL UNION OF 
CAMBODIA IN THE UNITED NATIONS 

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Burundi, Central 
African Republic, Chad, China, Congo, Cuba , 
Dahomey, Democratic Yemen, Egypt, Equatorial 
Guinea, Gabon, Gambia 9 Guinea, Guinea-Bissau , 
Iraq, Libyan Arab Republic,. Madagascar, Mali , 
Malta, Mauritania, Niger, Romania, Senegal , 
Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Togo , 
Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Upper Volta , 
Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire and Zambia; draft 

resolution „ 

J he GznzHat A&&mbly , 

Recalling the puApo&u and p/Unclple* o& the Cha/vte/i o& the 
United Neutron* , ~ 

Recognizing that the Royal Government o& Motional Union o& 
Cambodia, ptie&ided oven, by Vnlnce Norodom Sihanouk, the Head oi State, 
am the hold lawful nzpKehentatlve o& the Cambodian people and o( the 
State oi Cambodia, 



* Chad, Malta, Guinea-Bissau and Uganda joined the group 
later. 



- 3 - 



Considering that the restoration o& the lawful rights o& the 
Royal Government o& National Union o£ Cambodia is in accordance, with 
the purposes and provisions o& the Chapter, 

Decides to restore the Itw&ut rights o{ the Royal Government 
o£ National Union o£ Cambodia in the United Nation*, recognizing its 
repn&sentatlves as the sole law&ul representatives o& Cambodia, and 
to expel the representatives o£ the Ion Nol group irom 4he beat they 
illegally occupy In the United Nation* and in all the organization* 
related to it. 



DRAFT RESOLUTION A/U737: 23 SPONSORS 



On October 18 , 1974 , led by the Association of 
South East Asian Nations, draft resolution A/L.737 was sub- 
mitted to the General Assembly by 22 countries urging w the 
indigenous parties" to "hold talks, with a view to achiev- 
ing a peaceful settlement of the question of Cambodia," 
requesting the United Nations Secretary General "to lend 
appropriate assistance to the parties" and calling on 
"all Member States to respect the outcome of the talks and 
decides not to take any other action until the results of 
these efforts are considered by the General Assembly at its 
thirtieth session, " * 

The following is darft resolution A/L.737/Rev*l 
known as the resolution of the 23: 

* 
RESTORATION OF THE LAWFUL RIGHTS OF THE 
ROYAL GOVERNMENT OF NATIONAL UNION OF 
CAMBODIA IN THE UNITED NATIONS 

Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Bolivia , Canada , 
Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Fiji , 
Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Indonesia, Japan , 
Malaysia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Paraguay , 
Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, United Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Uruguay : 
revised draft resolution" 

The General Msembly , 

Recognizing that the A^'iatioK in Cambodia Is o£ concern to ail 
Member State* and especially to the countries situated close to the area, 



*On October 29, 1974, Australia joined the other 22 countries 
to co-sponsor draft resolution A/L.737. On November 13, 1974, 
draft resolution A/L.737 was revised. It became draft re- 
solution A/L.737/Rev.l. 



- 4 - 



Believing that the Khmer people themselves should be 
allowed to solve their own political problems peaceiully, iree &&om 
outside interference , 

BeZievim also that such political settlement should be reached 
by tha indigenous parties concerned, 

Considering that the United Nation* should not take any action 
on the question o£ representation which may prejudge the decision o& 
the Khmer people themselves and which may prolong their tragic s aliening 
and loss o$ Hie P 

7 * Urgw the indigenous parties directly concerned to hold 
talks, with a Ucew to achieving a peaceful settlement o& the question 
o& Cambodia, based on respect £or the sovereign rights o£ the Khmer 
peoples 

2* Requests the Secretary- General to lend appropriate 
assistance to the panties; 

3 - Calls upo n all Member States to respect the outcome o& tha 
talks and decides not to take any other action until the results o£ 
these eiiorts are considered by the General Assembly at its thirtieth 
session. 



REOUEST FOR PRIORITY 



In a letter dated November 21, 1974 addressed to 
the General Assembly President, the Permanent Representative 
of Thailand to the United Nations, His Excellency Anand 
Panyarachun, a sponsor of draft resolution A/L.737/Rev.l, 
invoked article 91 of the rules of procedure of the General 
Assembly in asking that draft resolution A/L.737/Rev,l be 
given priority and put to a vote before any other resolutions 
on this subject (document A/9875). 



Ill, AMENDMENTS PROPOSED BY 
SAUDI ARABIA 

In the afternoon of November 26, 1974, the General 
Assembly began its consideration of agenda item 25. 

That same afternoon, H.E. Jamil M. Baroody of 
Saudi Arabia quietly aubmitted two amendments: one to draft 
resolution A/L.733 led by Algeria (document A/L/744) and the 



- 5 - 



other to A/L.737/Rev*l led by the ASEAN countries (document 
A/L.745). Shortly before the General Assembly maeting rose 
at 6:50PM, the President of the Assembly , H.E, Abdel :ziz 
Boriteflika announced that amendments had been submitted to 
the two draft resolutions by Saudi Arabia under documents 
A/L.744 and A/L.745 which would be distributed the following 
day, Novonler 27 , 1974. 

In the morning of November 27^ H.E. Baroody ex- 
plained: "Both the draft resolutions / A/L.733 and A/L.737/ 
Rev.l_7 are unsatisfactory I find," and that "I should do 
something about them; and I did." Speaking about his amend- 
ments, H.E. Baroody stated: "I think that they form a sort 
of catalyst between the two draft resolutions, a sort of 
bridge, rather than creating a rift as draft resolutions do 
in the United Nations — creating more tension, more dissen- 
sion and eliciting all kinds of rubrics." 

The following is Saudi Arabia's amendments to 
draft resolution A/L.733 under document A/L.744: * 

RESTORATION OF THE LAWFUL RIGHTS OF THE ; 
ROYAL GOVERNMENT OF NATIONAL UNION OF 
CAMBODIA IN THE UNITED NATIONS 

Saudi Arabia; amendments to the draft resolution A/L.733 

1. Replace the second preambular paragraph by the following: 

" Taking into account that, wkUbi #ie Royal Govzftnmznt o& 
MaiionaTTinccn o£ Cambodia, pJiztidzd ovzk by Pfctnce No/todom 
?,ihancidi $ z^zfocUzb authority ovz/t a szgmznt o£ Cambodia, thz 
GovzAnmznt oi thz KhmoA Republic a till ha* control ovza a p*e- 
pondzMnt numbz/L oi thz Cambodian pzoplz," 

2. Replace the third preambular paragraph by the following; 

*&QPAideA^3 that tint lawful bight* o$ thz two GovztwmzntA a/uz 
only yjttid Zi it lb dzWminzd that thz&z night* emanate, ihom 
thz AO'iZJizign pzoplz o£ Cambodia as a wholz," 

3. Add the following paragraph at the end of the preamble * 

" Mindfu l that thz conflict in Cambodia JU iuAtainzd by 
vaAiou* zxtPJinai ^o/tceV" 

4. Replace the operative paragraph by the following para- 
graphs : 

' ' * ^!zAJ*P£*L <**£ && ?<mz*u> which havz bzzn infiluzncing thz 
two pa/uUe* to thz con{Hct to ode thziA good o^cea fan. con- 
ciliation bztwzzn thz&z two pantizt with a vim to hju toning 
peace in Cambodia; 



o - 



"2. Request* the Secretary-General, ahter due consultation, 
to lend appropriate assistance to the, two contending parties* 
oJLaJjning lawful rights In Cambodia and to report on the, re- 
sults to the Ge.ne.Aal Assembly at IU thirtieth session." 

Below is Saudi Arabia's amendments to draft resolution 
A/L, 737/Rev.l under document A/L.745: 

RESTORATION OF THE LAWFUL RIGHTS OF THE 
ROYAL GOVERNMENT OF NATIONAL UNION OF 
CAMBODIA IN THE UNITED NATIONS 

Saudi Arabian amendments to the draft resolution * 
A/L.737/Rev/1 

1. Insert the following as the first preambular paragraph: 

" Recalling the purposes and principle* oh the Charter o£ the. 
United Uation*," 

2. Insert the following paragraph after the first preambular 
paragraph : 

" Taking Into account that, while, the. Royal Government oh 
National Linton oh Cambodia, presided over by Prince Uorodom 
Sihanouk, exercises authority over a 6e.gme.nt oh Cambodia, tht 
Government oh the Khmer Republic still hah control oven, a pre- 
ponderant number oh the Cambodian people," 

3« In the second oreambular paragraph, beginning with 
" Believing" , replace "Khmen." by "Cambodian" . 

4. Insert the following paragraph after the second preambular 
paragraph: 

" Coiisldcning that the Imhul rights oh the two Government* 
cjie only valid ih it lb determined that these right* aivtatc 
hrom the sovereign people oh Cambodia as a whole," 

5. In the third preambular paragraph, beginning with the 
words " Believing aUo " , add the words "without external In- 

hluence" I 

6. Delete the last preambular paragraph, 

7. Replace operative paragraphs 1 and 2 by the following: 



* In his original amendments, the term "two contending Govern- 
ments "was used, but later H.E. Baroody replaced the word "Gov- 
ernments" by the word "parties" in both draft amendments. 



- 7 - 



" 1 . Call* upon ail tkz VmoM which have, bzzn inilumcing 
thz two pwituiA to thu conflict to a6e tkuVi good o^icoA 
ion. conciliation bziwum thoMd two pcuubl<u with a vim to 
tiQAtoning ptaoL In Cambodia; 

n 2* ftoxjuoMtb the Szcn&AaAy-GzneAal, a£tcA dm consultation, 
to Zznd appropriate aA&i&tancJi to the tvoo contending patu&loA* 
claiming lawful /tights in Cambodia and to report on the re- 
6 alts to the General Assembly at its thirtieth ses&ion." < 

8. Delete operative paragraph 3. 



IV, DELIBERATION ON PRIORITY 



In the afternoon of November 27, 1974, after hearing 
the general debate in favor of resolution A/L.733 and resolu- 
tion A/L.737/Rev.i, General Assembly President Bouteflika pro- 
posed that the Assembly discuss Thailand's request for prior- 
ity (document A/9875) in accordance with the rules of pro- 
cedure . 

SENEGAL; "PLOYS AND MANOEUVRES " 

His Excellency Medoune Fall, Permanent Representative 
of Senegal, was first to take the floor. He spoke of "ploys 
and manoeuvres" made by "certain parties" who wish to "divert 
the attention of this Assembly from its lofty concerns" and 
declared that the request for priority is "in direct contra- 
diction of the rules and traditions of the Assembly." 

H.E. Fall spoke of Rule 91: "Rule 91 of the rules 
of procedure says that if two or more proposals relate to 
the same question the General Assembly shall vote on the pro- 
posals in the order in which they have been submitted." H.E. 
Fall then pointed out that draft resolution A/L.733 was sub- 
mitted on October 1, 1974, sponsored by 35 delegations ** and 
was presented in the same words as the draft on which the 
Assembly was to pronounce itself on December 5, 1973, at its 
28th session (document A/L.714), had a decision for adjourn- 
ment not been taken at that time. On the other hand, according 



* See footnote on page 6 . 

** When draft resolution A/L.733 was submitted on October 1, 
1974, there were only 33 countries sponsoring it. 



- 8 - 

to H.E. Fall, draft resolution A/I..737/Rev.l was dated 
November 13 , 1974 and sponsored by 22 delegations.* He 
continued that the very wording of agenda item 25, "Res- 
toration of the lawful rights of the Koyal Government of < 
National Union of Cambodia in the United Nations," clearly 
indicated the priority of draft resolution A/L. 733 of which 
his country is one of the sponsors . 

YUGOSLAVIA; "UNWARRANTED AND UNFAI R" 

Mr. Cvijeto Job, Deputy Permanent Representative 
of Yugoslavia, spoke of Thailand : s request for priority as 
"unwarranted and unfair" because a) it tends to disrupt the 
orderly proceedings of the Assembly and b) to postpone once 
more the Assembly's debate and decision "on this urgent 
matter. :f 

URUGUAY: "ONE OF CONCILIATION AND EQUITY " 

H.E- Dr* Carlos Giambruno, Permanent Representative 
of Uruguay, a sponsor of draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev.l, spoke 
of the draft as "one of conciliation and equity." He said 
that the draft "does net embody the triumph of one thesis 
over another. And if we have requested priority, it is due 
simply to the wish to avoid making this body vote first on a 
draft that would make the United Nations General Assembly an 
instrument for collective intervention*" 

THE PHILIPPINES; "TO ENLIST AID OF SECRETARY-GENERAL " 

HoE. Jose D, Ingles, Under-Secretary for Foreign 
Affairs and Vice-Chairman of the Filipino delegation, told 
the Assembly that "priority between two or more proposals 
does not, and should not be made to depend solely on the or- 
der in which the proposals have been submitted." He continued: 
"If prip^ity did depend solely on the order of submission, 
it would not have been necessary to adopt Rule 91 of our 
rules of procedure. Rule 91 qualifies the rule that propo- 
sals should be voted upon in the order_in which theyjhave 
been submitted by the phrase 'unless / the Assembly^/ 
decides otherwise. r Obviously Rule 91 contemplates cases 
where following the fortuitous order of the submission of 
draft resolutions would be illogical or impractical-" 

H.E. Ingles also told the Assembly : 

My delegation believes that in the circumstances 
the nature and the substance of the proposals should 
be taken into account; indeed, they should be the 
controlling factor . 



'The original draft resolution A/L. 737 was submitted by 
22 countries on October 18, 1974, Draft resolution A/L. 737 
was revised on November 13 end became A/L.737/Rev.l having, 
at that time 23 sponsors. 



- 9 - 



In the present case we have, on the one h^nd r 
the draft resolution in document A/L.733, which 
would, without much ado, recognize the Royal Gov- 
ernment of National Union, presided over by Prince 
Norodom Sihanouk, as the lawful representative of 
the Cambodian people. We have, on the other hand, 
the draft resolution in document A/L. 737/Rev.l, 
which would caution the General Assembly not to 
take precipitate action on the matter but to enlist 
the aid of the Secretary-General to assist the in- 
digenous parties to settle their differences by and 
between themselves, without outside interference. 

Clearly, if we adopted the draft resolution 
in document A/L.733 right away, apart from the fact 
that it is illegal and ultra vires , it would not 
stop the fighting in Cambodia. That is crystal 
clear . On the contrary, it would encourage or lead 
to further bitter fighting in Cambodia and would 
prolong the tragic suffering of its unhappy people. 
At the same time, we would have thrown away a golden 
opportunity for the Secretary-General to perform a 
function inherent in his position, to permit the 
peaceful settlement of disputes. 

SAUDI ARABIA: "ARE YOU AFRAID OF MY AMENDMENTS? " 

H.E. Baroody did not inscribe his name on the list 
of speakers to speak on the issue of priority but he asked 
to speak. He asked the Assembly : "What will be the result 
of either of those draft resolutions as they are now, with- 
out being amended? What will be the result? Continued 
strife. And who will pay? The Government of China or the 
Government of the United States? Perhaps they will pay 
money — I do not know — but who will pay in life and trea- 
sure? The Cambodian people, just as the Korean people has 
paid a stiff price and may pay still more in life and trea- 
sure unless we come to some sensible solution." 

Speaking about his amendments in documents A/L. 744 
and A/L, 745, H^r- Baroody declared : 

*..No one dared open his mouth this morning. 
I was awaiting to see whether my amendments would 
draw forth some comments? even if anyone was 
against them, he should say so. They are factual. 
But no one, nobody of either camp, opened his mouth. 

Are you afraid of my amendments? Declare 
forthwith, if I may say so, you, the delegation 
of China, and you, the delegation of the United 
States. Dare you declare 'We accept Baroody' s 
amendments, '■ and bridge the gap and finish with 



- 10 - 



this question on a peaceful note . . . Let us 
not confuse the issues. Let us behave with 
singleness of mind, instead of gabbling about 
priorities, instead of getting submerged in 
ritual and ceremony , while the code of ethics, 
the moral code, goes begging by the wayside. 

Anything that does not lead to peace or at 
least give peace a chance should be anathema in 
this Assembly. 

Is it too much, Mr. President, before you 
put anything to a vote, procedural or otherwise, 
to ask whether either of the two parties — be- 
cause there are two parties — accepts my amend- 
ments? I think that if the sponsors of the two 
draft resolutions accept those amendments, there 
will be no problem. What is the alternative? 
The alternative is continued war, and there will 
be a curse on the heads of those who opt for 
strife rather than for giving peace another 
chance . 

I formally request you, Mr. President, just 
to say, as our President: ''Before you vote on 
anything, even before you vote on priority, I 
have a request from Baroody' — I am doing this 
directly, of course, but I will do it through 
you — 'does anyone have any comment as to whether 
these amendments may be accepted and thereby re- 
solve our problem 1 ? 

Just as H.E. Bouteflika called on the Assembly 
to vote on document A/9875 (Thailand's request for priority}, 
H.E. Panyarachun of Thailand asked for the floor on a point 
of order. 

The Thai Representative said that H.E. Baroody ? s 
amendments caught the sponsors of draft resolution A/L.737 
by surprise but that they understand the Saudi Arabian at- 
tempt "to bridge the differences, basic differences, between 
the two groups of co- sponsors. He attempted to reconcile 
those differences and to restore peace and tranquillity not 
only to the Assembly but also the territory of the Khmer 
Republic, and particularly to its people." 

H.E. Panyarachun, then declared: 

Since the representative of Saudi Arabia has 
come to the rostrum and categorically, and in no 



- 11 



uncertain terms , put the question to both groups 
of sponsors, I should like now, Mr. President, 
to respond to his kind request. I should like 
also to respond to him in the spirit of friend- 
liness and co-operation. 

I would merely say, on behalf of the spon- 
sors of the draft resolution in document A/L.737/ 
Rev.l, that we look upon his amendments with 
favour, and in principle we would be prepared to 
accept them. 



Then H.E. Fall of Senegal took the floor. He 
said he wished "to draw the attention of the Representative 
of Saudi Arabia to the fact that amendments cannot be con- 
sidered until the proposal to which they refer is considered. 
Now, at present we are considering the matter of priority. 
After we have decided this we shall then consider the pro- 
posals that have been made..." 



V. RESULT OF VOTE ON PRIORITY 



Following the remarks by the above-mentioned re- 
presentatives, document A/9875 was put to a vote. A vote 
was taken by roll-call. Having been drawn by lot by the 
President of the Assembly, Luxembourg was called upon to 
vote first. 

Below is the result of the vote on priority: 

In favor : Luxembourg, Malawi f Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, 

Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, 
Paraguay^ Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi 
Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Swaziland, Thailand, 
Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Northern Ireland, United States of America, 
Uruguay, Venezuela, Argentina, Australia, Austria ; Bahamas, 
Barbados, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, 
Colombia; Costa Rica, Denmark, Dominican Republic, 
El Salvador, Fiji, Federal Republic of Germany, 
Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, 
Indonesia , Iran , Ireland , Israel , Italy , Ivory 
Coast, Japan, Jordan, Khmer Republic, Lesotho, 
Liberia 



Against ; Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, 

Mongolia, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, 
Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, 



- 12 - 



Syrian Arab Republic, Togo, Uganda, Ukranian 
Soviet Socialist Republic, Union of Soviet 
Socialist Republics, United Republic of Cameroon, 
United Republic of Tanzania, Upper Volta, Yemen, 
Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Afghanistan, Albania, 
Algeria, Bhutan, Bulgaria, Burundi, Byelorussian 
Soviet Socialist Republic, Central African 
Republic, Chad, China, Congo, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, 
Dahomey, Democratic Yemen, Equatorial Guinea, 
Gabon, Gambia, German Democratic Republic, Guinea, 
Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Hungary, India, Iraq, 
Jamaica, Kuwait, Libyan Arab Republic 

Abstaining; Nigeria, Norway, Peru, Portugal, Sweden, Trinidad 
and Tobago, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, 
Bangladesh, Botswana, Burma, Cyprus, Ecuador, 
Ethiopia, Finland, France, Greece, Kenya, Laos, 
Lebanon 

The request in document A/9875 for priority in the 
voting on the draft resolution in document A/L. 73 7/Rev.l was 
adopted by 58 votes to 56, with 20 abstentions. 



VI, DEBATE ON AMENDMENTS SUBMITTED 
BY SAUDI ARABIA 



THAILAND: A "MINOR SUBAMENDMENT" 



The Representative of Thailand, speaking for the 
23 sponsors of draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev, 1, told the 
Assembly that they, in fact, had expressed acceptance "in 
principle" of the amendments submitted by Saudi Arabia. 

But, he continued: "I must confess that while 
we were studying the amendments this afternoon, there was 
some element in them which caused us some difficulty and 
concern. " 

Then, the Thai Representative proposed what he 
called a "minor subamendment" s 

We would, however, like to express our hope 
and our wish that the representative of Saudi 
Arabia, having gone half way as we have also 
tried to do, would kindly consider one very 
minor suggestion in addition to his amendments 
— the text of a paragraph which, with due respect 



- 13 - 



to the representative of Saudi Arabia, I should 
like to suggest as an additional operative para- 
graph that would become operative paragraph 3 
in his amendment in document A/L.745, and the 
text would perhaps read something like this: 

VzzldoM not to pn.z*& ion. any {vJttkvi action 
until Member Statu* havz an oppohtunity to zxaminz thz 
hjzpctut o$ thz SzcAztah.y~Gmzn.GdL. 

This additional paragraph, which would be- 
come operative paragraph 3, does not differ 
basically from the amendments proposed by the 
representative of Saudi Arabia, and yet we feel 
that its addition to his amendment would clarify 
the situation and make his amendment clearer to 
the General Assembly. 

We, the sponsors of the draft resolution in 
document A/L. 737/Rev.l, are trying our best to 
meet him half way. He would like to express our 
hope that the representative of Saudi Arabia will 
consider our minor subamendment, as read out by 
me, in a spirit of friendliness and harmony. 
Naturally, if the representative of Saudi Arabia 
finds no difficulty or inconvenience in accepting 
our proposal as read out and finds it possible 
to incorporate the new paragraph as operative 
paragraph 3 of his amendments, then on behalf of 
us sponsors I can state categorically that such a 
procedure woulc^save the time, not to speak of the 
money, of the United Nations and would also help 
to facilitate the smooth proceedings that we have 
been engaged in tonight. We, the sponsors, would 
plead with him to find his way clear to accepting 
our proposal and to including it in his amendment, 
and we will give full and unequivocal support to 
the amendment as proposed by the representative 
of Saudi Arabia. 

While I am speaking I should like to take 
just another minute more of the Assembly's time. 
I need hardly stress again the importance that 
we, 200 million people, in Southeast Asia attach 
to this question of Cambodia. We seek justice. 
We do not seek an imposed decision from outside. 
It is the people of Cambodia themselves who have 
to live with the decision of the United Nations. 
Decisions in the United Nations cannot change the 
realities in the field. We who live in New York, 
in other parts of Asia, in Europe, Latin America, 






- 14 - 



or Africa , for that matter, can take a decision 
lightly because we do not have to live with that 
decision or with the consequences of any unjust 
decision that we might be tempted to pass in this 
General Assembly . 

MEXICO: A SEPARATE VOTE 

H.E. Dr. Carlos Gutierrez Macias, a Representative 
of Mexico, proposed that a separate vote be taken on para- 
graph 4 of the amendments submitted by Saudi Arabia in do- 
cument A/L. 745. He also requested a separate vote on the 
paragraph which the Thai representative just proposed . 

ALBANIA ; OPPOSITION 

H.E. Rako Naco, Permanent Representative of Al- 
bania, condemned draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev.l of the 23 
countries led by ASEAN states as a "smokescreen" intended 
to "defend the intervention and aggression of the United 
States of America and to use the United Nations in order to 
interfere in the internal affairs of Cambodia." He declared 
his firm opposition to the draft resolution A/L, 737/Rev.l 
and urged "all peace-loving countries that uphold justice" 
to do likewise. 

"Furthermore," H.Erltfaco continued, "the delega- 
tion of Albania is opposed to the amendments presented by 
the representative of Saudi Arabia." 

CUBA: OPPOSITION 

The Cuban Permanent Representative, Dr. Ricardo 
Alarc6n de Quesada, affirmed that his delegation would vote 
against draft resolution A/L, 737/Rev.l and would vote against 
all amendments submitted in regard to it. 

Dr. Alarc6n argued that draft resolution A/L. 737/ 
Rev.l "is not a draft resolution." 

It is simply an attempt to prevent this As- 
sembly from approving the only draft resolution 
it has before it, which is essentially the same 
as the only draft resolution that it had before 
it a year ago and that could not be voted on then 
because lengthy procedural manoeuvres were star- 
ted to prevent us from taking the only just de- 
cision there was to take. Those manoeuvres are 
being resumed tonight in the motion made earlier 
concerning the so-called priority of this document, 
which is an anti-draft resolution to the only 



- 15 - 



draft resolution we have before us. Since the 
only practical effect of this document is to 
prevent the General Assembly from taking now 
the decision it should take — and this is stated 
twice in the document, so that there should be no 
doubt about it — my delegation must categorically 
oppose it, 

NIGERIA : ABSTENTION 

H.E. Dr. E„ Ogbu, the Nigerian Permanent Repre- 
sentative, told the Assembly of the policy of non-alignment 
to which his country adheres. 

He said that his delegation has been instructed 
to abstain on all the draft resolutions in this matter 
"because we feel that there is a question-mark in our minds 
as to whether this Organization has given itself sufficient 
time to take a decision on the best possible course that 
would be in the best interests of the greatest majority of 
the people concerned and by the people concerned." 

SAUDI ARABIA; ACCEPTANCE OF- THAILAND' S SUBAHENDMENT 

H.E. Baroody of Saudi Arabia told the 23 sponsors 
of draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev. 1 that he "will meet them 
more than halfway if the purpose of my amendments... is in- 
corporated in their draft resolution, for no other reason 
than that I hope they may — I am not saying they will — 
clear the atmosphere between the two contending Governments 
and enable them to come to an understanding and to see that 
the people of Cambodia do not suffer." 

H.E. Baroody continued; 

"Therefore, my amendments having been incorpor- 
ated, with my acceptance of this additional paragraph, they 
are now the property of the sponsors of the draft resolu- 
tion in question." 

Then he appealed to the Representative from 
Mexico not to ask for separate votes: 

I spent so much time to try to have some- 
thing of integral value. Of all people, my good 
friends from Mexico, no doubt for a good reason 
— perhaps a technical reason — for heaven's 
sake, although I may not be a good painter — in 
fact I do not paint — do not take a leg of the 
horse. It will limp. You are not cutting off 
the head of the horse- Do not even touch the ear 






- 16 - 



of the horse because, it might be in pain. I 
do not wish to say I insist, but I appeal to 
everyone and more so to my colleague from Mexico, 
not to tamper any more with texts at this late 
hour. If they do, I will reopen the debate — 
and that is not a threat — and let us stay here 
until 4 o'clock in the morning until those who 
want to daub the painting with something will 
not know the difference between one colour or 
another. 



ALGERIA; OPPOSITION 



The Algerian Permanent Representative, H.E. 
Abdellatif Rahai, declared that his delegation will vote 
against draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev.l and against H.E. 
Baroody ? s amendments. 



Thanking H.E. Baroody for calling him "a Roman 
emperor" and "a professor" ("I am very much flattered, "he 
said), H.E. Rahal proceeded to say that "the amendments 
presented by Ambassador Baroody are lacking in logic; in- 
deed, the same can be said of his attitude." 

MAURITIUS % OPPOSITION 

H.E. Radha Krishna Ramphul, Permanent Represen- 
tative of Mauritius, told the Assembly that he had searched 
his conscience and his soul as to how to act in this Assem- 
bly concerning the matter in question. "I have come to the 
conclusion that since my Government recognizes the Royal 
Government of National Union of Cambodia, I cannot honour- 
ably do otherwise than to vote, consistently, all the way, 
in favor of that Government during the painful exercise now 
in progress." 

THAILAND: POINT OF ORDER 

Before President Bouteflika, called on the Assem- 
bly to vote on the amendments proposed by Saudi Arabia in 
document A/L. 745, H.E. Panyarachun of Thailand raised a 
point of order. 

The Thai Representative stressed that if he asked 
for the floor it was due to a "desire to be quite clear in 
my own mind as to what we are voting upon*" 

He summarized the situations H.E. Baroody sub- 
mitted amendments A/L. 744 and A/L. 745 to draft resolution 
A/L. 733 and A/L. 737/Rev.l respectively. H.E. Baroody asked 
the views of the 2 groups of sponsors. Speaking for the 
sponsors of draft resolution A/L. 737/ReVol, the Thai 



- 17 - 



Representative said his group agreed with H„E. Baroody' s 
amendments and pleaded with the latter to accept a minor 
subamendment, H.E Q Baroody later replied that he accepted 
the Thai subamendment and agreed to incorporate that sub- 
amendment into his amendments in document A/Lo745« 

Therefore, the Thai Representative explained, the 
situation boiled down to this: Since H,E. Baroody accepted 
the incorporation of the Thai subamendment into the Saudi 
Arabian amendments in document A/L.745? and, with this ac- 
ceptance, the Thai Representative, speaking. for the sponsors 
of draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev.l, agreed to incorporate 
the Saudi Arabian amendments into draft resolution A/L. 737/ 
Rev.l, there remained no amendments or sub amendments, but 
only a draft resolution which was originally A/L. 737 but 
which would now be revised to include all the amendments 
and subamendments. 

In short, the Thai Representative explained, it 
is the entire revised version of draft resolution A/Lo737 
which should be put to a vote. 

Thai Representative Panyarachun then pleaded with 
the Mexican Representative to reconsider his request for 
separate votes on paragraph 4 of Saudi Arabia's amendments 
and the subamendment proposed by Thailand. 



VII. CONFLICT OVER INTERPRETATION 
OF RULES OF PROCEDURE 



WHAT TO VOTE ON 



The General Assembly debate on the Khmer Republic 
of Wednesday, November 27, 1974 was nothing if not time 
consuming. It began at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. 

About eleven o'clock that night, the General As- 
sembly President Bouteflika, attempted to prod the Assembly's 
machinery into action by capsulizing the specific items be- 
fore it at that time. Among these items was a request by 
the Representative of Mexico, in accordance with rule 89 of 
the rules of procedure, for a separate vote on paragraph 4 
of Saudi Arabia's amendments and on Thailand's subamendment. 

Further, the President said that in the spirit of 
co-operation and tolerance, and contrary to rule 88 of the 



- 18 - 



rules of procedure, he had permitted the sponsors of draft 
resolutions and amendments to explain the meaning of their 
votes as well as to go into the substance of the matter of 
item 25* 

The President then announced that the Assembly 
must pronounce itself on the initial draft, resolution 
A/L.737/Rev.l, and in accordance with rule "94D of the rules 
of procedure, the Assembly should have voted on the Saudi 
Arabian amendments A/L.745, and then the Thai subamendment. 

The President concluded s 

I should like to have a clear idea of the 
number of delegations which know exactly what 
they must vote on or not vote on. 

All these amendments have been proposed in 
the course of the debate and I very much fear 
that the Assembly might adopt a resolution which 
is not in accord with what it would have wished 
to do, taking into account that it is formally 
seized of a draft resolution and a series of 
amendments which should have been considered be- 
fore the draft resolution, and an additional 
amendment which, this time, has been submitted 
by the group sponsoring that draft resolution. 

If at this late hour our minds are suffi- 
ciently alert to make the appropriate distinction 
and arrive at a resolution which can be presen- 
ted as a whole for approval by the Assembly., I 
have no objection to our doing so. If not, we 
shall have to find a rational working method 
which will enable every delegation to state its 
position as its conscience dictates and on the 
instructions which flow from the policy of each 
Government. 

IVORY COAST: "MUST VOTE ON A/L, 737/REV. 2 " 

Adhering strictly to procedure, H.E. Simeon Ake, 
Permanent Representative of Ivory Coast offered his solu- 
tion as to what the Assembly should do* In his views, the 
situation is now as follows s 

1. There are two draft resolutions: A/L.733 
and A/L.737/Rev.l; 

2. Saudi Arabia submitted amendments to the 
two drafts; 



- 19 - 



3. Thailand requested priority for draft 
resolution A/L. 737/Rev.l? 

On the basis of its rules of procedure , 
the General Assembly agreed to give 
priority to draft resolution A/L* 737/Rev.l 
as requested; 

4. The sponsors of draft resolution A/L. 737/ 
Rev.l and the authors of the amendments 
fully agreed to incorporate the amendments 
into a revised draft resolution; 

5. It follows that the Assembly must vote on 
the revised draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev.l 
which is A/L.737/Rev.2. 

H.E. Ake continued his reasoning: Now, the point 
to consider is whether Mexico still wishes to have separate 
votes on the certain paragraphs he had mentioned. If so, 
a General Assembly vote on draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev.2 
would follow. Last, the General Assembly, if it wishes, 
can vote on draft resolution A/L. 733 by first voting on 
amendments submitted by Saudi Arabia under document A/L. 744. 

"The situation is very clear," H.E. Ake said, 
"we must vote on the draft resolution in document A/L. 737/ 
Rev. 2, bearing in mind the proposal of the delegation of 
Mexico and in accordance with rule 91 of the rules of pro- 
cedure, have a separate vote /on specified paragraph£/. " 

SRI LANKA; "A/L. 737/REV. 2 EXISTS ONLY IN IMAGINATION " 

H.E. H.S. Amerasinghe, Permanent Representative 
of Sri Lanka argued that while it is true that the General 
Assembly voted 58 to 56, with 20 abstentions to give 
priority to draft resolution A/L.737/Rev„l sponsored by 
23 countries, the General Assembly did not give priority 
to that same draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev.l as amended by 
Saudi Arabia. 

The Representative of Sri Lanka stressed that 
what the General Assembly should do is to "decide" whether 
or not to give priority to draft resolution A/L.737/Rev«2 
"which has not yet appeared on the scene but exists only 
in our imagination." 

IVORY COAST: "EXERCISE" OF "FAIR PLAY " 

The Ivory Coast Representative, H.E. Ake asked 
the Assembly for the "exercise" of "fair play." 



* 20 



HoEo Ake argued that the acceptance by the spon- 
sors of draft resolution A/L„737/Rev.l of Saudi Arabia* s 
amendments to their text made it unnecessary for the General! 
Assembly to have a new vote on the question of the priority ! 
of that text; priority had already been given, 

II. E. Ake then asked the President of the Assembly 
that "at this stage you must accept the responsibility of 
telling us what must be done." 

SENEGAL % "CANNOT GIVE PRIORITY TO THAT DOCUMENT " 

H,E. Pall of Senegal rose to the floor to defend 
the Representative of Sri Lanka whom, he said, "put the 
problem correctly." 

H.E. Fall argued that when the Representative of 
Thailand, on behalf of the sponsors of draft resolution 
A/Lo737/Rev.l, requested priority for that resolution in 
document A/9875, there were no amendments attached with that 
request. It was true that the General Assembly agreed to 
give priority to draft A/L.737/Rev.l But now, the General 
Assembly has before it, draft resolution A/L. 737/RevJ. plus 
amendments. "We cannot give priority to that document," he 
concluded « 

SAUDI ARABIA: "YOU KNOW HOW YOU WANT TO VOTE " 

H.E. Baroody of Saudi Arabia told the Assembly to 
stop confusing the issue "by invoking shadows of rules of 
procedure . " "Everyone present here knows how he is going 
to vote," he stressed. 

H.E. Baroody reminded the Assembly that when it 
was asked to vote on the matter of priority, the Assembly 
did not pronounce itself on the draft resolutions and the 
amendments thereto. "Remember that the vote on priority 
is only procedural and does not touch upon the substance," 
he added. 

H.E. Baroody told the Assembly; "you know how 
you want to votes either for peace or for war" and appealed 
to the President of the Assembly in these terms s 

I appeal to you, Mr. President, not to make 
a ruling, because you will get into trouble, but 
with the authority of the presidency to appeal to 
us all to proceed to the vote after that bulwark 
of strength, Bradford Morse, our beloved Under- 
Secretary-General, word for word reads out the 
draft resolution (A/L.737/Rev.2) serenely, calmly, 
while each one, if he is in doubt, listens atten- 
tively and then we proceed to a vote* 



*■ 21 - 



SRI LANKA; "MUST VOTE ON SAUDI ARABIA'S AMENDMENTS " 

The Representative of Sri Lanka argued that it 
is immaterial whether or not the sponsors of draft resolu- 
tion A/L.737/Rev.l agreed to incorporate Saudi Arabia's 
amendments into their text* 

The point is that the General Assembly decided 
to give priority to draft resolution A/L- 737/Rev. 1 and 
not to Saudi Arabia's amendments. And, therefore, he con- 
tinued, the General Assembly must vote on Saudi Arabia's 
amendments; and if a request for separate votes is made, 
then the General Assembly must vote separately on the 
amendments and not on the revised draft A/L. 737/Rev.l as 
a whole . 



SEPARATE VOTES 

— — 

i 
i 

VOiE ON PARAGRAPH 4 OF SAUDI ARABIA^ AMENDMENTS : 

I 

j 

I Assembly President Bouteflika, summed up the si- j 

tuation, /then asked Bradford Morse, Under-Secretary-General 
for Political and General Assembly Affairs, to read out the 
text of paragraph 4 in document A/L. 745 (Saudi Arabia's 
amendments) for voting first. 

Mr. Morse read paragraph 4 as follows: 

i 

ConAidt&Lng that the lawful night* o$ the, two 
GovdhnmzntA cum only valid li It t& deJtznmlndd that 
tkzbn sitghtA emanate. &Hx>m the, 6oveieA,gn pzoplz o& 
Cambodia a& a whole.. 

The General Assembly was asked to vote on it. The 
result was 51 votes for, 51 votes against and 31 abstentions. 

The President declared paragraph 4 not adopted. 
Then he invoked rule 95 of the rules of procedure which, he 
declared applied literally to paragraph 4: 

If a vote is equally divided on matters 
other than elections, a second vote shall be 
taken at a subsequent meeting which shall be 
held within forty eight hours of the first vote, 
and it shall be expressly mentioned in t T e 
agenda that a second vote will be taken on the 
matter in question. If this vote also results 
in equality, the proposal shall be regarded as 
rejected. 



- 22 - 



vote on Thailand's subamendment 



The President of the Assembly then asked Mr. 
Morse to read out the subamendment proposed by Thailand 
and accepted by Saudi Arabia (i.e. operative paragraph 3) 

Decides not to press £or any further action 
until Member States have, an opportunity to examine 
the reporiX o£ the Secretary-General. 

The subamendment was adopted by 54 votes to 53 , 
with 27 abstentions c 



THE REVISED DRAFT RESOLUTION a/l. 737/REV, 1 



Following the separate votes 9 President Eouteflika 
asked Mr* Morse to read out the draft resolution as revised 
by the inclusion of Saudi Arabia's amendments (A/L, 745) ex- 
cept paragraph 4 which was not adopted , and the inclusion of 
operative paragraph 3 as proposed by Thailand. 



reads : 



The new revised draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev*l 



The General Assembly , 



Recalling the purposes and principles o& the, Chanter o& 
the United Nations, 

Recognizing that the situation in Cambodia is o& concern 
to alt Member State* and especially to the countries situated close 
to the area. 

Taking into account that, while the Royal Government o& 
Motional Union o& Cambodia, presided over by Prince Norodom Sihanouk, 
exercises authority over a segment oi Cambodia, the Government o& the 
Khmer Republic still has control over a preponderant number o$ the 
Cambodian people, 

Believing that the Cambodian people themselves should be 
allowed to solve their own political problems peacefully, iree irom 
outside interference. 

Believing also that such political settlement should be 
reached by the indigenous parties concerned without external influence, 

L Calls upon all the Vowens which have been influencing 
the two parties to tne con&Uct to use their good o ibices ior con- 
dilation between these two parties with a view to restoring peace in 
Cambodia; 



- 23 - 



2. Request* the SecAetcuty-Genenal, cl&Wl due consultation, 
to tend appn.ophA.atn aA64j>tance to the two contending panties cZcubning 
lawful hlgktA In Cambodia and to n&poKt on the noAultb to the General 
Assembly at its thirtieth session. 

3. Decides not to press &or any further action until 
Member States have an opportunity to examine the report o& the Secretary- 
General. 



WHEN TO ' VOTE FOR THE WHOLE REVISED DRAFT RESOLUTION? 



The Representative of Sri Lanka asked why operative 
paragraph 3, which had been adopted ±>y a vote of 54 to 53, 
was included in the revised draft resolution which was to 
be voted as a whole. 

He said that a vote on the whole draft could not 
be taken until 48 hours from now due to the deadlock on para- 
graph 4 submitted by Saudi Arabia. He argued that the Ge- 
neral Assembly could not vote on the revised draft as a 
itfhole until a final decision was reached on paragraph 4. 

The Representative of Saudi Arabia stated that 
the General Assembly should vote on the resolution as a whole 
now with one proviso: If a delegation wants the General As- 
sembly to vote on the paragraph with a tied vote then the 
General Assembly shall do so. He then suggested that if 
he were a sponsor of the draft resolution in question he 
would simply drop the paragraph to simplify the matter. 

The Representative from Senegal rose to say that 
rule 95 does not allow the General Assembly to take a second 
vote on paragraph 4 at the same meeting, there must be a 
maximum lapse of 48 hours. He proposed that either the 
General Assembly postpone the vote on the whole text or vote 
on the text without paragraph 4, 

The Representative from Thailand made a formal 
proposal to "forgo the pleasure of another vote" on para- 
graph 4 as the Representative of Saudi Arabia had suggested, 
saying the sponsors of the resolution have no objection tc 
dropping it from the text. 

The Representative from Cuba registered his protest 
"at the manner in which some delegations are not just attempt- 
ing to manipulate the Assembly and disregarding the rules of 
procedure, but are lacking in basic respect for all of us." 

The Cuban Representative argued that the rules 
of procedure state very clearly that when there is a tie vote, 






- 24 - 

a second vote can take place 48 hours after, and this rule 
cannot be altered on the basis of agreements between neigh- 
boring delegations or on the basis of some whim. He said 
that his delegation "considers it absolutely impossible to 
do anything other than taking a vote on the whole of the 
rest of the draft resolution." 

The Representative of Algeria argued that paragraph 
4 cannot be withdrawn from a vote. The General Assembly can 
vote on what is left of the draft resolution and at the next 
meeting it can vote on paragraph 4 again. At the end, he 
said, the General Assembly can then vote on the whole draft 
resolution. 

At this point, the President of the General Assem- 
bly called the attention of the Assembly to rule 80 of the 
rules of procedure which he read: 

A motion may be withdrawn by its sponsors at 
any time before voting on it has commenced, 
provided that the motion has not been amended. 
A motion thus withdrawn may be reintroduced 
by any member. 

"Since a vote was taken on the text and the re- 
sult was a tie, it seems to me that rule 95 is the only rule 
applicable to the famous paragraph 4 as read out by Mr. Morse 
a short while ago," the President declared. "It now remains 
to be seen whether the Assembly wishes to take a decision 
immediately on the draft resolution, minus the famous para- 
graph 4, or whether the Assembly wishes to take a decision 
on a more complete, final draft resolution, one which would 
not hold any surprises in store for the Assembly, which it 
certainly does not need," the President added. 



MOVE TOWARD ADJOURNMENT 

The Representative of Iraq stated that his dele- 
gation still "feels very confused and unable to follow what we 
are supposed to do and to accomplish during the rest of this 
meeting . " 

He pointed out that a full text of the revised _ draft 
resolution had not yet been made available for distribution, 
and that the General Assembly was now being called on to 
vote on a resolution "part of which is still in doubt and, 
therefore, we do not have it in final form." 

He then formally moved for adjournment "for 48 
hours . " 



- 25 - 



, The Representative of the United Kingdom objec- 
ted to the propriety of the Iraqi move for adjournment 
"for 48 hours" under rule 76, because under rule 95 the 
Assembly must meet within 48 hours to take a second vote 
on paragraph 4. 

The Representative of the United Kingdom then 
proposed to move to a decision on the rest of the draft 
resolution. 

The President of the Assembly read rule 76: 

During the discussion of any matter, a 
representative may move the suspension or 
the adjournment of the meeting. Such motions 
shall not be debated but shall be immediately 
put to the vote. The President may limit the 
time to be allowed to the speaker moving the 
suspension or adjournment of the meeting* 

The Representative of Liberia registered his 
strong opposition to the motion for adjournment made by 
Iraq: "This question of trying to delay the decision on 
this vote is, I think, an effort to use some tactics." 

The Representative of Senegal reminded the As- 
sembly that rule 76 requires that a motion for adjournment 
be put to an immediate vote. Addressing the President, he 
said: "You must immediately put to the vote the motion 
for adjournment made by the representative of Iraq." 

The Representative of Iraq rose to the floor to 
make a correction on his earlier statement: "What I had 
intended to propose was that this meeting should be adjour- 
ned and reconvened within a period of 48 hours instead of 
after 48 hours." Nevertheless, he said, his motion is not 
to be debated and demanded "I request you to put it to the 
vote." 

The Representative of Saudi Arabia argued that 
the General Assembly was "in the process of voting" and 
asked "was the motion for adjournment in order, since the 
voting was in progress?" Then he read rule 88 of the rules 
of procedure: 

After the President has announced the 
beginning of voting, no representative shall 
interrupt the voting except on a point of 
order in connection with the actual conduct 
of the voting. . . 



~ 26 - 

The President of the Assembly remarked that the 
General Asserribly was "not in the process of voting" and he 
recalled 'the situation. Then he asked the General Assembly 
to vote on the Iraqi motion for adjournment under rule 76. 

The motion for adjournment was rejected by 58 
to 54 with 21 abstentions. 



VOTE ON THE REVISED DRAFT RESOLUTION A/L. 737/REV.i 



After the motion for adjournment was defeated, 
the President called on the General Assembly to vote on the 
revised draft resolution A/L.737/Rev.l as read out earlier 
by the Under-Secretary-General for Political and General 
Assembly Affairs. The President explained that this re- 
vised draft resolution included 1} Saudi Arabia's amend- 
ments contained in document A/L, 745 with the exception of 
paragraph 4 and 2) the new operative paragraph 3 proposed 
by Thailand, 

The vote was taken by roll call, Grenada, having 
been drawn by lot by the President, was called upon to vote 
first. The following is the result of the vote: 

In favor : Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Indonesia, 

Iran, Ireland, Israel 7 Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, 
Jordan, Khmer Republic, Lesotho, Liberia, Luxembourg, 
Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, 
New Zealand, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Paraguay, 
Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain, 
Swaziland, Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States 
of America, Uruguay, Venezuela, Argentina, Australia, 
Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, 
Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Denmark, 
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, 
Germany (Federal Republic of) 

Against : Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Hungary, Iraq, 

Kuwait, Libyan Arab Republic, Madagascar, Mali, 
Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Nepal, 
Niger, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Senegal, Sierra 
Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab 
Republic, Togo, Uganda, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist 
Republic, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 
United Republic of Cameroon, United Republic of 
Tanzania, Upper Volta, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire, 
Zambia, Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Bhutan, 
Bulgaria, Burundi, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist 
Republic, Central African Republic, Chad, China, 



27 - 



Congo, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dahomey, Democratic 
„ Yemen, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, German 
Democratic Republic 

Abstaining ; Iceland, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Laos, Lebanon, 

Nigeria, Norway, Peru, Portugal, Rwanda, Sweden, 
Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, 
Bahrain, Bangladesh, Botswana, Burma, Cyprus, 
Ethiopia, Finland, France, Greece 

The text read out by the Under- Secretary-General 
for Political and General Assembly Affairs was adopted by 
56 votes to 54, with 24 abstentions . 

EXPLANATION OF VOTE 

CHINA: "A SCRAP OF PAPER " 

The Permanent Representative of the People's Re- 
public of China tc the United Nations, H.E« Huang Hua told 
the Assembly that "what has just happened is a shame to the 
United Nations . " 

H.E. Huang Hua declared that "the purpose of this 
draft is not only to cover up the aggression and interven- 
tion which the United States is still carrying on in Cambo- 
dia, but also to ask the United Nations to interfere in the 
internal affairs of Cambodia and prolong the illegal usur- 
pation of the lawful seat of the Kingdom of Cambodia in the 
United Nations by the traitorous Lon Nol clique." 

H.E. Huang Hua condemned the draft resolution as 
"a scrap of paper, both to Cambodia and to all countries 
and peoples that uphold justice. It is utterly null and 
void and meaningless . " 

MOROCCOs "PEACEFUL SETTLEMENT " 

The Moroccan Representative told the Assembly that 
"after the coup d'etat" against Prince Sihanouk, Morocco 
continued to recognise the Royal Government of National 
Union, "for the simple reason that that Government continued, 
and continues to control the major part of Cambodian ter- 
ritory . " 

But, he added, Morocco has a tradition of advocating 
"peaceful settlement." "We have always urged a dialogue in 
the solution of the problem." He said that his delegation 
voted in support of the draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev.2 "in 



- 28 - 



the interests of and for the sake of long-suffering Cambodia 
f™i n ^! epx ?? wi J h its sovereign will, which in our opinion 
transcends all other considerations." 

The General Assembly meeting which began at 3:00PM 
November 3 ^' ig?!? 1 * 63 ' 2? ' 19?4 ' r ° Se at 12:50AM ° n ^ursday, 



VIII. FINAL ROUND: 
A SECOND VOTE ON 
PARAGRAPH 4 



On Friday, Nov. 29, 1974, at 10:30AM the General 
Assembly reconvened to finally dispose of paragraph 4. 

Because the vote on paragraph 4 had been a tie, 
under rule 95 of the rules of procedure, a second vote had 
to take place within 48 hours of the 1st vote. 

THAILAND: POINT OF ORDER 

.. 0n a Point of order, the Thai Representative took 
"}? £°?^ rum - 0n behalf of the sponsors of draft resolution 
A/L.737/Rev.l, he said that he had offered to withdraw para- 
graph 4 from the text, but that the rules of procedure had 
required that paragraph 4 be put to a vote. The result was 
a tie. 

The Thai Representative added: 

I come to the rostrum merely to say that I 
do not think the General Assembly would be very 
keen to have another lengthy and prolonged debate; 
so, in order to facilitate the task of the Assem- 
bly and to assist in the smooth functioning of 
the proceedings of the Assembly this morning, I 
should just like to say that the delegation of 
Thailand and the other sponsors would like to fa- 
cilitate the work of the Assembly and intend to 
vote against the fifth preambular paragraph. We 
shall reject this proposal, because we feel it is 
immaterial to the substance of the matter, and I 
should like to urge all representatives, in the 
hope that this will be a short meeting and that 
the proceedings will run smoothly, to reject that 
paragraph entirely. 



- 29 - 



SENEGAL: POINT OF ORDER 

The Representative of Senegal told the Assembly 
that the sponsors of draft resolution A/L.733 "are not in 
the habit of going back on their views" and they will vote 
against paragraph 4. 

He took the opportunity to remind the Assembly 
that the Thai Representative "did not withdraw that part 
of the amendment presented by Ambassador Baroody until 
after the vote which resulted in a tie, and not before as 
he has just said." 

CUBAg POINT OF ORDER 

The Cuban Representative endorsed the remarks 
made by the Representative of Senegal. He re-emphasized 
that the sponsors of draft resolution A/L.733 are remaining 
"faithful to certain principles." 

The Cuban Representative questioned the Thai Re- 
presentative's "real desire to facilitate the work of this 
Assembly." He said that the Thai Representative and the 
other sponsors of draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev.l violated 
the rules of procedure of the General Assembly "for the 
essence of what he said consisted in explaining to us how he 
and all the sponsors of the above-mentioned document are 
going to vote on that document , something which is clearly 
not permissible to the sponsors of a draft resolution." 

The President of the Assembly then asked the 
General Assembly to vote on paragraph 4 which was then be- 
coming the fifth preambular paragraph of draft resolution 
A/L.737/Rev.2. 

A vote was taken byioll-call. Brazil having been 
drawn by lot by the President, was called upon to vote 
first. 

The following is the result of the vote; 
In favor s Non e 

Against ? Brazil, Bulgaria, Burundi, Byelorussian Soviet 
Socialist Republic, Canada, Central African 
Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, 
Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dahomey, Democrats 
Yemen, Denmark, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, 
Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, France, Gabon, Gambia, 
German Democratic Republic, Germany (Federal 






- 30 - 



Republic of), Greece, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea- 
Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, 
Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, 
Jordan, Khmer Republic, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, 
Libyan Arab Republic, Luxembourg, Madagascar, 
Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, 
Mongolia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, 
Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, 
Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Qatar, Romania, 
Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, 
Singapore, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, 
Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, 
Uganda, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Union 
of Soviet Socialist Republics, United Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United Republic 
of Cameroon, United Republic of Tanzania, United 
States of America, Upper Volta, Uruguay, Yemen, 
Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Afghanistan, Albania, 
Algeria, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, 
Bolivia 

Abstaining : Burma, Cyprus, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Finland, Ghana, 
Guatemala, Iceland, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, 
Jamaica, Kenya, Laos, Lebanon, Mexico, Morocco, 
Norway, Peru, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Trinidad 
and Tobago, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela, 
Argentina, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, 
Botswana 

The paragraph was rejected by 102 votes to none , 
with 32 abstentions . 

Thus, the text of draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev.2 
adopted by the General Assembly on Nov. 28, 1974 became 
Resolution 3238 (XXIX) . 

Following the vote, Senegal, Saudi Arabia, Cuba, 
Algeria, India and Equatorial Guinea took the rostrum to 
explain the votes. 

SENEGAL t "A MASQUERADE, A FARCE " 

The Representative of Senegal told the Assembly 
that it "has just witnessed a masquerade, a farce that is 
unworthy of our Organization." He quoted rule 90 which 
states: "If one or more amendments are adopted, the amended 
proposal shall then be voted upon" and he spoke of the 
"manoeuvre" of the sponsors of the draft resolution A/L. 737, 
"in the teeth of common sense, to vote against their own 
proposal . " 

The Representative of Senegal declared that draft 



- 31 - 



resolution A/L.737/Rev.l dated October 18 , 1974 and the 
revised draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev„2 dated November 27,. 
1974 are in fact two different draft resolutions. The 
General Assembly voted to give priority to draft resolu- 
tion A/L.737/Rev.l and not to A/L. 737/Rev. 2 

The Representative of Senegal further claimed 
that the draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev. 2 "is not a revised 
draft resolution" at all, but it is the "draft resolution 
in document A/L. 745, submitted by Ambassador Baroody, and 
improperly entitled ■ amendments I " 

It \tfas that draft resolution which was put to 
a vote. 

The Representative of Senegal also asked the 
General Assembly to take note that resolution 3238 (XXIX) 
has no reference to the "right of the Lon Nol Government 
to represent the Cambodian people as a whole." He pointed 
out that the vote which just took place in the General As- 
sembly makes it clear that there are two contending parties 
claiming lawful rights in Cambodia; accordingly, "neither 
of these two parties has the right to represent, in our 
Assembly, the people of Cambodia." 

SAUDI ARABIA: "TO FACILITATE THE WORK OF GENERAL ASSEMBLY " 

The Saudi Arabian Representative explained in 
detail the interactions he had with the sponsors of draft 
resolution A/L. 737/Rev. 1 when he submitted his amendments. 

Then he explained why he voted "no" to his own 
amendments "I voted 'no 8 in order to facilitate the work 
of the Assembly on a text which I said we could do without.., 
that we could do without it if its elimination was essential 
for expediting our work," 

CUBA; "/~IT/ QUESTIONS THE LAWFULNESS OF THE LON NOL 

REPRESENTATION " 

The Cuban Representative pointed out that the 
"document" which was just passed, was submitted "as if it 
were a draft resolution;" its purpose was "to prevent the 
Assembly from taking a decision on the only draft resolu- 
tion on this item," i.e. draft resolution A/L. 733, and this 
was done through "all kinds of manoeuvres, pressures and 
devices „ " 

He requested that the record of the Assembly note 
that when the Thai Representative asked for priority, he 
did so for draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev l and not for 



- 32 - 



draft resolution A/L, 737/Rev. 2. Furthermore, in order to 
prevent the Assembly from voting on draft resolution A/L.733, 
the sponsors of the amendments simply voted against their 
own paragraph o 

The Cuban Representative added : "by its very text 
it explicitly questions the lawfulness of the Lon Nol re- 
presentation and leaves open the matter of who should law- 
fully represent Cambodia in the United Nations . " 

ALGERIA; "OUR DEBATE WILL RESUME AT 30TH SESSION " 

The Algerian Representative told the Assembly 
that "the most acrobatic language, the most skillfull 
dialectics, the most sophisticated rhetoric cannot transform 
the farce which we have witnessed today,,." 

The Algerian Representative warned that "the 
problem we introduced last year, discussion of which we 
have continued this year, still stands, and in the same 
terms.., this debate has not ended, and.,. in spite of 
the fact that our draft resolution, document A/L.733, will 
not be put to the vote, our debate will be resumed at the 
thirtieth session, on the agenda of which the item entitled 
'Restoration of the lawful rights of the Royal Government 
of National Union of Cambodia in the United Nations ' still 
stands. " 

INDIA; "U.N. GENERAL ASSEMBLY HAS REJECTED DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLE " 

The Indian Representative declared: 

With the utmost gravity and dignity and with 
scrupulous adherence to our rules of procedure, 
the General Assembly has taken what is in fact 
an absurd decision: the General Assembly has re- 
jected the democratic principle that the lawful 
rights of a government emanate from its people. 

In the unreal situation, the only proper 
thing for us to do was to abstain from voting. 

EQUATORIAL GUINEA: "ONLY PROLONG BLOODSHED " 

The Representative of Equatorial Guinea declared 
that his delegation voted against paragraph 4 as well as 
the entire draft resolution A/L. 737/Rev. 1 "because we feel^ 
that it is a paper inked over with words chosen at random." 
He objected to the General Assembly which gave priority 
to the original draft but proceeded to vote on the revised 
draft. He also objected to the sponsors of the draft who 
turned around to vote against their own paragraph. 



• 33 - 



"The decision just taken by the General Assembly 
can only prolong the bloodshed which began four years ago 
in Cambodia, 18 he concluded. 

Thus ended the General Assembly's consideration 
of item 25. 

The General Assembly debate on agenda item 25 
which began on Tuesday, November 26, 1974 at 10:30AM, closed 
on Friday, November 29, 1974 at 1:30PM. 



IX. REACTIONS OF MARSHAL LON NOL 
AND PRINCE NORODOM SIHANOUK 



Following the vote in the General Assembly, two 
documents were circulated in the Assembly. Document A/9S62 
of December 12, 1974 contained a declaration made by Marsha: 
Lon Nol, President of the Khmer Republic, on November 30, 
1974 and submitted to the Secretary-General of the United 
Nations for circulation by the Permanent Representative of 
the Ehmer Republic on December 3, 1974. Document A/9963 
of December 12, 19 74 contained declaration made by Prince 
Norodom Sihanouk, President of the United National Front 
of Cambodia on November 29, 1974 and submitted to the Se- 
cretary-General of the United Nations for circulation by 
the Permanent Representative of Algeria on December 11, 1974 

Below are a few quotations from each declarations 
DECLARATION BY MARSHAL LON NOL 



I wish solemnly to declare on this occasion 
that the Khmers from this side are ready to en- 
ter into negotiations now and without prior con- 
ditions. That has been our intention for some 
time. Last July 9, I made a public offer along 
these lines to the other side, an offer which I 
reiterated on August 15, on the occasion of our 
Armed Forces Day, and again on October 9, on the 
occasion of the anniversary of the founding of 
the Republic. Some people took a somewhat 
cynical attitude toward our offer of negotiations 
without prior conditions, asserting that it was 
simply a tactic for preserving the seat of the 
Republic in the United Nations • They were wrong 



- 34 - 



That offer was made with complete sincerity 
and we only regret that it was not initially 
taken seriously by the other side. 



The resolution adopted by the United 
Nations General Assembly asks the Secretary- 
General of that organization to assist the 
parties in order to bring about these talks. 
For our part, we would welcome a visit to 
Phnom Penh by the Secretary-General, Mr. 
ITaldheim or his representative, to carry out 
the mandate given him by the General Assembly 
resolution . 

I wish to take this occasion to solemnly 
declare that my colleagues in the Government 
of the Khmer Republic and I will abide by the 
results of the negotiations we decided to 
undertake in order to bring about national 
reconciliation and concord... 



DECLARATION BY PRINCE NORODOM SIHANOUK 



A very recent U.N. resolution voted upon 
by fifty some Member States invites the United 
National Front of Cambodia to negotiate peace 
in Cambodia with the clique of the traitor Lon 
Nol. . . 



To negotiate with the arch-criminal, the 
arch-traitor and charlatan "Khmer Republic,' 
monstruous creation of US 'Frankenstein, 'would 
be to gravely insult in an impardonable fashion 
the memory of hundreds of thousands Cambodian 
men and women patriots who, between March 18, 
1970 and today, have died fighting the US ag- 
gressor and colonizer and its valets in Phnom 
Penh, Saigon and Bangkok. They died so that 
Kampuchea can live as an independent, united, 
indivisible, democratic and non-aligned nation. 

. . . We prefer to die in our turn rather than 
laying down the arms facing the enemies of our 
fatherland. . . (Unofficial translation from the 
French) * 



**********